Rescue the snow of Mt.Kilimanjaro

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Expedition tour Report on Mt. Kilimanjaro October 24, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rescuekilisnow @ 12:15 pm

Scenes of Mt. Kilimanjaro

Scenes of Mt. Kilimanjaro

Hello everyone am glady to take this time to share with you the moment we went through up and down the trails of Mt. Kilimanjaro. We started our expedition tour on 2nd September 2008 and end on 7th September 2008. Only nine of us manage to make this expedition team as cost and time table was not conducive to most who wanted to take part in this expedition.

The journey was very tough and very tiring, some of the member fell sick on the way and their condition scared even our guiders and they wanted to take them down. But none was taken down till we reached the last station of Kibo. On 5th September we were at Kibo hut ready to climb to the top at night. When the night sets up at around 11:30 pm we woke up and prepared ourself ready to finish our last climbing session. This night was tough to every participant and only five out of nine participant made to the top with only one lady out of four ladies.Expedition Diary

We stood on Africa's highest point

We stood on Africa's highest point

On the way we monitor changes of the landscape from forest, moral land, desert and finally ice atop the mountain. We came to realise vegetation cover from the low land has much to contribute on the long term presence of the Kilimanjaro snow as it’s the only source of precipitation and humid condition to the top of Kibo.

We realised this the day we stayed at Horombo hut where we saw cleary how movement of wind from low land region moves up the mountain and help to form the snow cover atop the mountain. It’s then came to our mind that doing reafforestration and afforestration procedure around the mountain area will be of great help to long term existance of this Highest Africa standing free Mountain.

We are now asking your support on making sure that Kilimanjaro mountain continue to stay green. Rescue snow of Africa is now on the second phase at which we are planning to conduct a workshop to raise awareness of the public on how critical the situation is atop the mountain. We are also going to make society aware on the importance of taking care of the prestigious natural heritage. Lastly we shall put measures which can help to reduce the speed of reatread and put them into action to help rescue the snow of Africa.

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Scientific explanation of Kilimanjaro glacier retreat. April 18, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rescuekilisnow @ 8:59 am

Satelite image

Results to date indicate that glaciers on Kilimanjaro are retreating mainly
due to a moisture drop in the late 19th century and the ensuing drier climate, which is
supported by other climate proxy data. Glacier recession on Kilimanjaro thus demonstrates that global climate change is more complex than warming
only, which promotes studying tropical glaciers as climate proxies further.

While the retreat of mountain glaciers on a global scale is primarily controlled by rising air temperature our results suggest that a regional moisture projection for the 21st century must be incorporated into the framework of a physically-based prediction of glacier retention on Africa’s highest mountain.
This suggestion is consistent with global warming and regional moisture changes, particularly in the tropics.

The majority of the mass loss (65%) is due to sublimation (direct conversion of
snow/ice to water vapour), with melting of secondary importance. Sensitivity experiments reveal that glacier mass balance is 2–4 times more sensitive to a 20% precipitation change than to a 1 C air temperature change.
Results suggest that a regional-scale moisture projection for the 21st century is crucial to a physically-based prediction of glacier retention on
Africa’s highest mountain. Copyright 2007 Royal Meteorological Society (2004) investigated 19 months of mass balance (during 2001–2002)
of such a HGS on the Northern Icefield (at Automatic Weather Station 1) with
an energy balance model.
They showed that HGSs (Horizontal glacier surface’s) on Kibo are extremely sensitive to precipitation but much less so to air temperature variability, which leaves precipitation as the most important variable for mass balance on the horizontal glacier suraface’s.

 

Kilimanjaro October 24, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rescuekilisnow @ 1:29 pm

Last stop before Kibo hut

Last stop before Kibo hut


As a part of the East African rift valley system, the Kilimanjaro massif stands at the Kenya-Tanzania border (3°04_S/37°21_E) 300 km from the Indian Ocean coastline.
The massif consists of three peaks: Shira, Mawenzi, and Kibo. The latter harbours the highest point in Africa (Uhuru Peak, 5895 m a.s.l.), and is the only one to retain glaciers.
The 2003 glacier surface area estimate is 2.51 km2, compared to 20 km2 around 1880 when the ongoing recession started. Proxy evidence for the longer term past and recent past suggests that glacier evolution on Kilimanjaro mainly reflects regional dry and humid periods in Africa.
Regarding the large-scale forcing of the local glacier-climate interaction, evidence is increasing that sea surface temperatures and associated circulation modes control moisture availability on tropical high mountains, and thus mass balance fluctuations and shifts.
The importance of atmospheric moisture for present glacier mass balance has also been demonstrated on Kilimanjaro by intensified research over the last few years.

 

Current Status June 5, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rescuekilisnow @ 4:35 pm

Path and time

Path and time

Hello Members!

I would like to let you know that, I visited Mazimbu Campus and looked if there is any letter among those we have sent to get fund for us to accomplish our expedition.
Till 15th July 2008 I there have been no letter which has been responded.
I would like to advice those who has desire to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro to do more exercise as days are numbered and raise as much amount as they could for their preparation to climb the Mountain.

If there is any member who has fail to reach the amount and think she/he need assistance he can communicate with Mponda Malozo to see how to help. Don’t hesitate to contact or leave comment if you have any concern and feel free to use his number +255784338272 or +255713338272.

 

Know the team May 30, 2008

Filed under: Safari Arrangement — rescuekilisnow @ 11:27 am

Google earth image on 16th of June
Sokoine University of Agriculture has so far 47 members who has volunteer to be part of rescuing the shinning snow of Kilimanjaro by climbing this mountain on 29th of August 2008. The whole event is organised by Environmental Watch Association of Tanzania (EWAT) by every individual from East Africa is alllowed to participate in this event. Africa is our continent and Kilimanjaro is our heritage so let’s come together to let the shinning snow last to eternity by Climbing the mountain with us. Names of those who has register themselves are as seen in the list below. For those whose their contact is incomplete please leave a comment so that your full contact can be available for any infromation necessary.
Rescue Snow of Africa Team to Climb Kilimanjaro on 28th of August 2008

1 Mponda Malozo 0784338272 mponda2001@yahoo.com

2 Said Mateso 0756446800 littlewizard84@yahoo.com

3 William Matungwa 0754889796 matutz2006@yahoo.co.uk

4 Chacha Maro 0755943226 maronega1979@yahoo.com

5 Escain Kiwonde 0753686310 escain_k@yahoo.com

6 Ipiana Geofrey 0755779549 ipdotg1@hotmail.com

7 Jacquline Tesha 0713058111 jacquetee07@yahoo.co.uk

8 Endrewcus John 0717381756 max4shizle@yahoo.com

9 Charles Kainkwa 0754059691 ckainkwa@yahoo.com

10 Tunu Kaijage 0754429367
11 Loisujaki Essau 0755045049 essauloisujaki@yahoo.com

12 Thomas Francis 0713391538 mwanathomas@yahoo.com

13 Joseph Victus 0713043158 josephkilewo@yahoo.co.uk

14 Dafroza Samangwa 0755667402 dafcharity@yahoo.co.uk

15 Mswima Fredy S 0755908999 mswimaf@yahoo.com

16 Tunu Kisamo 0713183436 cute2nu@yahoo.com

17 Elieza Mwakalapa 0713710988 mwaxeb85@yahoo.com

18 Patroba Matiku 0786157120 patri2p@yahoo.com

19 Chonge Mazengo 0756725484 chrima2004@yahoo.com

20 Rahel Lemson 0786680224 lemsonr@yahoo.com

21 Lola Lema Bona 0755386000 lolabv@yahoo.com

22 Aboubacar Jallow 0755988016 bubacar_zewali@hot.co.uk

23 Charles Mokili 0712305535 mc_kona@yahoo.com

24 Deodatus Kiliba 0787212128 sidekimasha@yahoo.com

25 Dianah Irenge 0712283336 princesdianah@yahoo.com

26 Tabitha Mollel 0715927477
27 Rogers Saboga 0715007945 sabugorogers@yahoo.co.uk
28 Masakia Jackson 0717708226 jacnicy@yahoo.com

29 Elisalia Samuel 0712015107 saria-nassari@yahoo.com

30 Revocatus Meney 0713772609 revoblackson@yahoo.co.uk

31 Mbezi Peter 0712185595 mbezi-son@yahoo.com
32 Mirondo R. Akinyi 0787224957 titarid@yahoo.com

33 Loseriani Baba 0784384518 loylaizer83@yahoo.com

34 Sabonga Joseph 0773036708
35 Anicety M. Beda 0784240800
36 Leonard Levinus 0715230920 levitu@yahoo.com

37 Mpanduji Allen 0755000686 allenmpanduji@yahoo.com

38 Irene Kibona 0713595964
39 Victor Magreth 0784830986 magreth100@yahoo.com
Joeline Ezekieli 0757685559 maryjoeline@yahoo.com
40 Julius Froranc 0785229343
41 Leweri Cecilia
42 Godwin Dauson 0754833473
43 Njana Privance 0786960907
44 Perez Rufo Prof.
45 Laurent Mwakakonyole
46 Joshua Mutagahywa 0784627685
47 Loseria 0784384518

These are the people from different courses that have volunteer willingly to be part of the team which has vision to rescue the shinning snow of Mt. Kilimanjaro. You also have a chance to be one of us it’s not too late look on departure category to know the arrangement and the whole schedule. For those whose contacts are not complete please leave your comment here. I have been having some difficulties on arranginging these names cleary but for anyone who is going to have problem please leave the comment. Our account has alredy been announce and you are adviced to start depositing in the account No.01J2077842600 CRDB Branch Morogorowhich is found on our fund section of this web. You are welcome

 

Kilimanjaro Glaciers and Climate: What we know April 22, 2008

Filed under: Associated Members — rescuekilisnow @ 3:09 pm

Our team has seen the importannce of helping three governmetn on their work of making East Africa community strong. In this rescue campaign we have involve student from Kenya and Uganda on which they are going to join with Sokoine rescue team to help protecting Kilimanjaro snow.

The following article is as it is written by Thomas Mölg (1), Douglas R. Hardy (2), Nicolas J. Cullen (1), Georg Kaser (1) in their publication Tropical glaciers in the context of climate change and society:
Focus on Kilimanjaro (East Africa)

The current glacier recession on Kibo, the glacierized cone of the Kilimanjaro massif, started
at about 1880, following at least a couple of decades with stable glaciers (Hastenrath 2001).
Description and monitoring of this recession already started with the early explorers (Meyer
6
1900; Klute 1920) and resulted in the first detailed map by Klute (1920), showing the 1912
glacier extent. Hastenrath and Greischar (1997) and Thompson et al. (2002) derived further
glacier extents for different times of the 20th century. In the year 2000, only 2.6
km2 of glacier surface area were left (Thompson et al. 2002) from the ~20 km2 estimated in
1880 (Osmaston 1989). The map also indicates that glaciers on the summit plateau have a
peculiar shape, with vertical ice walls at their margins and a near-horizontal surface. The
glaciers on the steep slopes of Kibo show a more simple, sometimes nearly rectangular shape.
To fully understand the connection between glaciers and climate, it is essential to distinguish
these three glacier regimes (Kaser et al. 2004b): the horizontal glacier surfaces on the plateau
(regime 1, Figure 3 top), the vertical ice walls on the plateau (regime 2, Figure 3 top), and the
slope glaciers below the plateau (regime 3, Figure 3 bottom). The spatial distribution and
related shape of the glacierization on Kibo may certainly be regarded as unique, and it is
obvious that such a configuration must not be treated as one glacier unity in terms of response
to climatic forcing (Kaser et al. 2004b). The effect of basal melting due to geothermal heat (as
Kibo is a dormant volcano) is not entirely clear yet. Thus, a small network of temperature
sensors in the soil was installed in August 2005, data of which are not yet available.
Although the recession of Kibo glaciers was recognized early, the climatological
reasons of these observations have remained speculative until recently, and in the last years
repeatedly attributed to anthropogenic global warming. Hence, research was begun in 2000 to
better understand Kilimanjaro’s summit climate and recession of the glaciers (e.g., Hardy
2002; Thompson et al. 2002; Kaser et al. 2004b; Hardy and Bradley 2005), and more recently
to get insight into the physics of climate-glacier interactions (e.g., Mölg and Hardy 2004).
Studies up to date rely primarily on data collected by the University of Massachusetts
(UMASS) automatic weather station (AWS) on the horizontal surface of the Northern Icefield
7
(Figure 2, AWS1) since February 2000. Two new stations have been installed in February
2005 by the University of Innsbruck in front of an ice cliff (AWS2) and at the transition into
the southern slope glacierization (AWS3) to measure conditions of glacier regimes 2 and 3,
respectively. Hardy and Bradley (2005) present the first detailed analysis of Kibo climate,
based on the 2000-2005 record of AWS1. To briefly summarize, this high-altitude climate
reveals the general features of tropical climate as described in section 1, although
precipitation exhibits greater intra-annual and interannual variability than expected. Mean
annual temperature at the summit is –7.0°C, with monthly means varying only ~2°C around
the annual mean.
Regarding glacier-climate interactions, two consistent points can be highlighted: (i)
Kibo glaciers seem to retreat mainly due to a dry climate with abundant solar radiation, and
(ii) they are extremly sensitive to precipitation variability.
The first point is supported by the model study of Mölg et al. (2003b) who assumed an
idealized ice cap covering the summit plateau in 1880, with a prescribed distribution of
vertical ice walls according to early photographs (Meyer 1900). They then model mass loss at
the ice walls (glacier regime 2) between 1880 and 2000 as a function of absorbed solar
radiation. Despite year-round negative air temperatures on the summit plateau area (Hardy
and Bradley 2005), the high solar radiation amounts provide enough energy for melting which
induces the strong mass loss at the ice walls. After 120 years of simulation, the broken-up ice
cap shows a spatial distribution of ice remnants amazingly similar to the real, observed
pattern. This supports that solar radiation maintains vertical ice wall retreat on the summit
plateau in a climate with a lack of mass gain on glaciers, i.e., a climate which has become too
dry to maintain the plateau glaciers. Preliminary model experiments on the climate sensitivity
of slope glaciers (regime 3) also point to the effects of a drier climate (reduction in
precipitation with accompanying reduction in cloudiness and increase in incoming solar
8
radiation) which made slope glaciers retreat from their 1880-extent. When longer time series
from AWS3 become available, these experiments will be more robust.
The second point (extreme sensitivity of glaciers to precipitation variability) was
pointed out by Hardy (2003), then established more thoroughly by Mölg and Hardy (2004) for
the horizontal glacier surfaces (regime 1). They applied meteorological data recorded at
AWS1 (2000-2002) to an energy balance (EB) model which calculates all the energy fluxes
involved in providing the energy for mass loss at the glacier surface, and verified results by
measured mass loss. In contrast to the prevailing melting at the ice walls, mass loss at the
horizontal surfaces is to a great extent due to sublimation, the direct transition of water from
the solid to the vapor phase (Mölg and Hardy 2004). Since sublimation consumes more
energy per unit mass than melting, ablation rates at the horizontal surfaces are smaller
compared to the ice walls (Kaser et al. 2004b). Figure 4 shows the main EB components at
the AWS site. Clearly, the EB is governed by the variations in net shortwave radiation (i.e.,
absorbed solar radiation) which, in turn, is controlled by surface albedo. As soon as albedo
drops (e.g., between September and November 2001), net shortwave radiation is strongly
increased, which accelerates mass loss at the glacier surface. Albedo, the key variable in the
EB, is a function of both precipitation amount and frequency. Local air temperature hardly
has any impact at this site, given the small sensible heat flux. The albedo effect illustrated by
Figure 4 for a 19-month period may certainly also exert a powerful long-term effect on the
glaciers.
What do other proxy data on East African climate tell in this context? There are
several proxy sources which support that East African climate over the past 150 years was
characterized by a sudden drop in moisture in the late 19th century, and ensuing drier
conditions during the 20th century. These proxies include the glacier behavior in the two other
glacierized massifs of East Africa, Mount Kenya (Kruss 1983) and Rwenzori (Mölg et al.
9
2003a), historical and modern accounts of lake levels (Hastenrath 1984; Nicholson and Yin
2001), reconstruction of lake levels from paleolimnological data (Verschuren et al. 2000), and
circulation and rainfall indices which relate atmospheric and oceanic currents in the Indian
Ocean since ~1850 to east African rainfall (Hastenrath 2001). To get a feeling for the
magnitude of this moisture drop, Nicholson and Yin (2001) applied a physical water balance
model to the lake level record of Lake Victoria. They estimate that mean over-lake
precipitation in the 1860s and 1870s (likely coinciding with stable glaciers in East Africa) was
about 20% higher than the 20th century mean (including measurements) reported by Yin and
Nicholson (2002). For a much longer time scale, Thompson et al. (2002) concluded from an
analysis of ice cores, drilled on the Kibo glaciers in 2000, that glacier bevavior on
Kilimanjaro over the Holocence (the past 10,000 years) coincided with well-known phases of
African drought and humid conditions. This supports the particular sensitivity of Kibo
glaciers to precipitation as found in recent times.

 

Kilimanjaro snow in climatology

Filed under: Fund — rescuekilisnow @ 3:03 pm

Soon there shall be no white cover
Kilimanjaro’s glaciers are situated more than halfway through Earth’s atmosphere, and herein lies their
great value to science. As an island in the sky, rising nearly 5,000 m above the East African plains,
Kilimanjaro provides a unique perspective on the present and past global climate system. A better
atmospheric measurement platform would be hard to design.
A great deal remains to be learned from Kilimanjaro’s glaciers, and we look forward to visiting them for
decades to come. But we cannot alter, within decades, the relationships between the glaciers and the
global climate, and we cannot ignore that the area covered by ice is steadily diminishing. In future years,
snow will continue to grace the cone of Kibo through much of the year, and the mountain will appear as
Hemingway saw it: “…great, high, and unbelievably white in the sun”. However, if the ice disappears, so
too will the historical archive from this irreplaceable vantage point on our planet, and our chance to
document how that history is recorded. We have much work to do.

We want to save the forgotten snow, all we have is our desire to accomplish this dream. This is to say we have no trusted source of fund that can make us accomplish this dream without obstacles. We need financial help despite the fact that we are also trying our best to save what we earn in order to save this snow of Africa.

We need to have 5000$ inorder to make our rescue team to be in good condition of going up and down safely. Considering the fact that we are student and most of us are funded by Loan Board (HESLB) it has been difficult for most to contribute and get the required amount.

If you are individual, company or organization we would like to include you in this rescue team by submiting your contribution to account No.01J2077842600 CRDB Branch Morogoro. You can also get in contact with us using this e mail ewatfos@yahoo.com or phone # +255784338272. You are welcome very welcome to be of rescue team

 

Departure

Filed under: Safari Arrangement — rescuekilisnow @ 2:47 pm

We had a little meeting today on 22nd April with interested member from my class which made a number of 11 student. We discussed about the fee and we agreed it to be 100,000/= for each individual as amount to be payed to porter. We also discussed about the date and we came into conclusion that it has to be on 28th August 2008 on which we shall arrive at Moshi town. We will take rest on 29th before starting our jorney to the top of Mt. Kilimanjaro on 30th. We have so far decide to take long route of six to seven day as it will make people get acclimatized to environment easily.

Amount shown above doesn’t include transport to and from Moshi hence everyone will have to add about 50,000/= Tsh for his or her transport to and from Moshi. The following account shall be used for depositing your contribution before 26th August 2008 ACCOUNT NO. 01J2077842600 CRDB Morogoro Branch. Please keep the receipt safe with you so that your can be recognized. Time is not soo long as most people think of it so you better start saving today and deposit the amount you have earn in bank account above. There are so much more to come keep visiting the sight